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Solar park of SENS in Senyö

Solar parks for the energy transition
Solar power and technology for an emission-free energy supply.

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It is clear: Solar parks are an important driver of the energy transition

Solar energy is on everyone's lips and an essential part of the energy transition - from the expansion of renewable energy to an emission-free future.

In our role as a provider of solar services, our goal is to drive the global energy transition with the help of the sun and technology. With ground-mounted solar plants, this is happening in leaps and bounds. But what are the concrete advantages of installing a photovoltaic system on a free area for society as well as for local citizens and communities? We share our expertise with you. 

 

Solar parks for the energy transition

Types of solar parks

Sustainable solar parks

Four steps to a solar park

Solar parks on feasible areas

Photovoltaics and biodiversity

Citizen participation

Building a solar park

Solar parks, or open-space photovoltaic systems, are an important form of renewable energy generation by drawing on the unlimited and environmentally friendly source of the sun. For this purpose, solar modules are installed on large free areas, which capture the photons of sunlight and convert them into electricity. The positive influences on the energy transition are obvious:

 

  • Reduced dependence on limited fossil fuels
  • Reduction of greenhouse gases through electricity generation without the emission of climate-damaging carbon dioxide (CO2)
  • Decentralised energy generation, since solar parks can be installed anywhere there is sufficient sunlight
  • Technological further development through the global use of solar energy (e.g. optimised output of solar modules on the same surface area)

Not all solar parks are equal

 

There are different types of photovoltaic systems to optimise the use of solar radiation. Depending on the country, location and technology, it is decided how the maximum yield can be obtained from the available area. 

 

Fixed solar park

Fixed solar modules

This type of solar park uses solar modules that are installed on a substructure fixed to the ground on fields and fallow land. The orientation of the solar modules can vary between south and east-west. The advantages are easier maintenance and more cost-effective installation compared to tracker substructures. 

Tracker substructure

Tracking systems, unlike fixed systems, follow the position of the sun throughout the day. They are particularly suitable for locations close to the equator, as the motto is: the closer to the equator the system is to be installed, the more sensible it is to use the tracker substructure, as direct sunlight is highest in this area. The further north and south, the more suitable fixed solar modules are. 

Floating solar park

Floating solar parks


Floating solar parks are floating photovoltaic systems that are installed on bodies of water such as lakes, rivers, canals or bays. They utilise unused water areas and thus avoid conflicts with land use. Thanks to the cooling effect of the water, they offer greater energy efficiency and a longer service life for the solar modules.

agriculture photovoltaics

Agri-photovoltaic systems (Agri-PV for short)

This type of solar park is a special design and refers to a method of simultaneously utilising an area for agricultural crop production and solar electricity production. The solar modules are mounted above the fields or plants, or placed alternately with rows of sown plants.  It is irrelevant whether a fixed or a tracking system is installed. 

 

Sustainable solar parks: ESG assessment of solar installations

With the ESG standard from Iqony Sens, your solar park becomes an eligible green investment. To achieve this, environmental, social and governance standards must be met throughout the entire value chain. So decide early on in the process whether your ground-mounted photovoltaic systems should be audited according to the Iqony Sens ESG standard and thus become an eligible green investment.

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Good to know

The larger the system, the more economical it is, as the costs per installed kilowatt decrease. We therefore recommend a thorough profitability check.
 

In four steps from open space to green energy production
 

The process from site screening to operation of a ground-mounted PV system consists of four essential phases. The development, planning and construction of a turnkey solar park takes an average of three to six years. The subsequent operational management extends over the entire lifetime of the PV plant.

1. Project development

Approx. 2-5 years

  • Potential analysis of the area 
  • Urban land use planning procedure 
  • Profitability calculations
  • Evaluation of the grid connection point
  • Presentation of the project to the community 
  • Obtaining the environmental permission
  • Steering of land permission procedure up to construction permit
  • Approval procedure

3. Solar park construction

Approx. 4-10 months

  • Ramming the steel profiles
  • Erection of the substructure
  • Installation of the modules
  • Construction of the station foundations and cable trenches
  • Grid connection
  • Cabling and electrical installation
  • Installation of the system communication
  • Testing and commissioning of the inverters and medium-voltage components
  • Trial operation and handover to the end customer

2. Solar park planning

Approx. 4 months

  • Planning under consideration of legal and technical requirements 
  • Yield-optimised 3D plant design
  • Electrical design




     

4. Operational management

Service life of the solar park: up to 30 years

  • Fault identification and plant optimisation
  • 365-7-24 Monitoring
  • Repairs and maintenance
  • Module cleaning
  • Green cuttings
  • Checking the condition of fences and repairing damage
  • Preparation of expert reports
  • Thermography
  • And much more...

Learn more about the individual steps to the turnkey solar park and the subsequent operation of the PV system.

 

Learn more

Good to know

Per hectare, about 1 MW (1,000 kW) of electricity can be generated per year with a solar park.
 

Areas for solar
parks

 

As the steps of a solar park show, such solar projects depend, among other things, on the potential of the available land. 

Area for project development of a solar park by SENS

According to the German EEG (Renewable Energy Sources Act), a distinction can be made between feasible and non-feasible areas, which are examined and acquired during the project development phase.

Feasible areas according to the German EEG:

The areas listed in the German law represent disadvantaged areas that are optimally suited for the construction of ground-mounted solar plants and are therefore promoted. The following areas are included: 

  • Areas along motorways and railways
  • Land in disadvantaged areas (demonstrably low harvest or poor land values)
  • Conversion areas (e.g. landfills, former open-cast mining areas, disused military bases)
  • Sealed land formerly used for industrial purposes
  • Designated, unused commercial areas
  • Built-up areas such as sports and leisure airports

Non-feasible land:

These are all other areas that are not explicitly mentioned in the German EEG and are therefore not eligible for a feed in tariff. A power purchase agreement (PPA) is therefore required to finance solar parks on such land. 
 

 

 

 

 

Photovoltaics and biodiversity

Biodiversity is the variety of animal and plant species on earth. This is threatened by excessive agriculture (monoculture, pesticides), increasing environmental pollution and climate change, among other things.

A study by the German Federal Association of the New Energy Economy (BNE) took a closer look at the synergy effects between ground-mounted photovoltaic systems and the preservation of the local flora and fauna. The result? Open-space photovoltaic plants not only generate green electricity, but also provide habitats for plants and animals, which are protected there from external influences: A win-win situation.

 

More about PV and biodiversity

Solar park meadow biodiversity Iqony Solar Energy Solutions GmbH

Good to know

In principle, all areas that are not subject to restrictions under nature conservation law are suitable for the construction of a PV system. In the case of non-eligible areas, however, close coordination with the municipality is necessary, as agricultural land must be released for solar energy. In any case, we recommend a profitability calculation and plausibility check of these areas.

 

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Citizen
participation

 

By involving the citizens of a municipality in the planning of solar parks, the exchange of interests and acceptance can be ensured.

Symbol image citizen participation

Citizen participation can take the form of co-determination in decision-making or financial participation.

The advantages for citizens and municipalities depend on the respective participation model. Basically, a distinction can be made between participation in interests (co-determination) and monetary participation.

Interest participation:

  • Open and transparent communication throughout the entire process
  • Information events to ensure the exchange of interests
  • Citizen participation extends beyond the construction of a solar park
  • Observance of local requirements


Monetary participation - local value creation in Germany:

  • Participation of the municipality in the electricity revenues (0.2 cents per kWh according to §6 EEG)
  • 90 % business tax is awarded to the municipality
  • Entrepreneurial participation of the municipality in the solar project
  • Direct investment opportunities for citizens

 

Solar parks

As a long-standing PV service provider, we have already built numerous solar parks on a wide variety of sites:

 

Discover our projects

Solar Park

Küpfendorf,
Germany

Solar Park

Dalgo Pole,
Bulgaria

Solar Park
Image of a solar parks in Spain, Zafra | SENS

Zafra,
Spanien

Solar Park
SENS builds solar park in Kropp, Germany

Kropp,
Germany

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SENS builds three solar parks in existing wind farm for Windpower GmbH

Deining,
Germany

Solar Park
Green energy source in opencast mining

Groitzsch,
Germany

Solar Park
SENS and Menapy provide Good Energy

Burgos,
Spain

Solar Park
Hungary takes big steps towards renewable energy

Senyö,
Hungary

Solar Park
EGA solar park Spain Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Tabernas Desert,
Spain

Solar Park
Solar Parc Tabernas Spain Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Tabernas Desert,
Spain

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Solar park Echthausen | Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Echthausen,
Germany

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Solar park in Oening Germany SENS

Oening,
Germany

Solar Park
SENS built a solar park in Dalgo Pole in Bulgaria

Dalgo Pole,
Bulgaria

Solar Park

Halsdorf,
Germany

Solar Park
[Translate to English:] Solarpark Bettingen Germany SENS

Bettingen,
Germany

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Solar park in Xanten Germany Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Xanten,
Germany

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Solar park Falkenwalde (Germany) with an output of 9 MWp

Falkenwalde,
Germany

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Solar park Nauen in Germany

Nauen,
Germany

Solar Park
Solar park Lübars in Germany

Lübars,
Germany

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Solar park Hellingen in Germany

Hellingen,
Germany

Solar Park
One of the five solar parks in Hungary

Nyirbogdany, Nyirbator, Szöd, Göd, Balassagyramat,
Hungary

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Solar park Brilon in Germany

Brilon,
Germany

Solar Park
Solar park in Zachow, Germany

Zachow,
Germany

Solar Park
Solar park Spain Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Tabernas desert,
Spain

Solar Park Energy Solutions
Substation La Serrata in Spain from Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Tabernas desert,
Spain

Solar Park

Leeuwarden,
Netherlands

Solar Park

Münchberg II,
Germany

Solar Park

Gadebusch,
Germany

Solar Park
Solar park in Schleich (Germany) with an output of 7.9 MWp

Schleich,
Germany

Solar Park

Oranienbaum,
Germany

Solar Park

Sainshand,
Mongolia

Solar Park

Yenotayevka,
Russia

Solar Park

Ohorongo,
Namibia

Solar Park

Queensland,
Australia

Solar Park

Academy of Science,
Moldova

Solar Park

Volodarovka,
Russia

Solar Park

Wick Lane,
United Kingdom

Solar Park

Corum,
Turkey

Solar Park

Twin Yards,
United Kingdom

Solar Park

Manmoel Road,
United Kingdom

Solar Park

Creswell,
United Kingdom

Solar Park

Cairnhill,
Scotland

Solar Park
Solar park in Bradu (Romania) Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Bradu,
Romania

Solar Park

Cateasca,
Romania

Solar Park

Ploiesti,
Romania

Maintenance & Service Solar Park

Carlino,
Italy

Maintenance & Service Solar Park

Ginosa,
Italy

Solar Park

Caputo Alessandro,
Italy

Solar Park
Solar park in Valdecaballeros (Spain) Iqony Solar Energy Solutions

Valdecaballeros,
Spain

Solar Park

Pozohondo I,
Spain

Solar Park

San Cassiano,
Italy

Solar Park

Espejo,
Spain

Building a solar park with Iqony Sens

 

You want to invest in renewable energy and are looking for a reliable and financially strong EPC partner for your solar investment? Iqony Sens is an expert in the development, planning and turnkey construction of solar parks as well as the subsequent operation of the plant.

 

 

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